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CNN雙語新聞(翻譯+字幕+講解):五名塔利班戰俘換回的美國逃兵面臨軍事指控 回顧2015年重大事件

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Delivering you Tuesday edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.
I'm Carl Azuz.
We're starting with an update involving U.S.Army Bowe Bergdahl.
Yesterday, the Army announced that the 29-year-old serviceman would face a general court martial, a military trial on two charges, desertion and misbehavior before the enemy.
In the summer of 2009, Sergeant Bergdahl disappeared from his American base in Afghanistan.
He was later captured by the Taliban, the former rulers of that country, whom the U.S. was fighting.
Almost five years later, the Obama administration controversially exchanged five Taliban prisoners who were in U.S. custody for Sergeant Bergdahl.
Before that,a U.S. commission had recommended not releasing these particular Taliban prisoners.
Also, the administration did not give Congress the required 30-day notice of the prisoner exchange.
House and Senate committees have said the White House broke the law.
The administration said it feared for Bergdahl's life and that the U.S. leaves no man or woman in uniform behind.
Bergdahl's trial date has not been announced yet.
If he's convicted, he could face a life sentence.
With the year winding down, this is our last week on air until January 4th, we're starting a new series today that we're planning to run the rest of the week.
It takes a look back at some of the stories that made headlines over the past calendar year.
So, without further ado, in today's "Year in Review", Mary Maloney focuses on U.S. news from 2015.
This was a tragically reoccurring scene during 2015, crowds fleeing another mass shooting, from a military center in Chattanooga, to a college campus in Roseburg, Oregon.
Then, a mass shooting at a health center in San Bernardino that authorities say may have been inspired by ISIS.
President Obama called it an act of terrorism.
The threat from terrorism is real, but we will overcome it.
And in Charleston, a shooting a black church reignited the long simmering national debate over the Confederate flag.
The Palmetto State voted to remove the flag from the state capital for the first time in 54 years.
Racial tensions were not confined to Charleston, with Black Lives Matter rallies happening in cities across the country.
Protesters were outraged by the police killings of unarmed black men like Freddie Gray, Jamar Clark and Walter Scott.
June saw two historic decisions from the Supreme Court of the United States, in 6-3 split, the court saved the Affordable Care Act.
A divided court also ruled that same sex couples can marry nationwide.
While many cheered the 5-4 ruling, some sharply disagreed.
In a small Kentucky town, a clerk of the court sat behind bars for preventing her office from issuing marriage licenses.
Kim Davis made headlines again when she publicly announced she'd had a private meeting with Pope Francis during his visit to the United States.
The Holy Father made stops in Philadelphia, New York and Washington, D.C., making history as the first pope to address Congress.
God bless America.
A report from Congress accused Japanese auto parts manufacturer Takata of putting profits ahead of safety.
Takata disputed the report's conclusion, saying it had a number of inaccuracies.
But the company's faulty airbags resulted in a huge recall, affecting 34 million cars.
And New England rocked the sports world in January, when the Patriots were accused of using under-inflated balls to win a playoff game.
I feel like I've always played within the rules.
Meanwhile, former Patriot Aaron Hernandez, Boston marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, and Aurora theater shooter James Holmes were convicted in highly publicized trials.
As they face justice, two inmates fled from it in Upstate New York.
The prison escape led to a week's long manhunt that ended with one inmate dead and another back behind bars.
Tomorrow, we're planning a retrospective recap of politics.
Another major story of the year, being the U.S. presidential race, the 58th quadrennial presidential election.
So, the next one isn't until November 8th of next year.
But campaign season is in full swing.
There's a Democratic debate scheduled for Saturday night, the next Republican debates are set for tonight on CNN.
What are the moderators doing to prepare for it?
How does CNN prepare for a debate?
It takes a long time to prepare, because you've got to go through all the candidates, know where they stand on the various issues, so it takes enormous amount of research.
What does it take to prepare is a lot of homework.
By the time you get to debates, it means that the campaign has been kind of up and running for a while.
So, there are a lot of issues and statements and the records to go through.
There's a whole team at CNN working on this.
We have an unbelievable research team here at CNN.
I give them applause.
I tried to know as much as I can and be armed with as many facts and as much information as possible.
So, you're ready with smart questions.
You're ready to fact-check on your feet if necessary, but then also don't overdo it.

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swing [swiŋ]

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n. 搖擺,改變,衝力
v. 搖擺,旋轉,動搖

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threat [θret]

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n. 威脅,凶兆
vt. 威脅, 恐嚇

 
reasonable ['ri:znəbl]

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adj. 合理的,適度的,通情達理的

 
publicized

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v. 公佈;廣告;宣傳(publicize的過去分詞)

 
split [split]

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n. 劈開,裂片,裂口
adj. 分散的

 
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announced [ə'naunst]

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vt. 戰勝,克服,(感情等)壓倒,使受不了

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